Corbett National Park India ( कॉर्बेट राष्ट्रीय उद्यान, भारत )


Corbett National Park India

Corbett National Park is first national park of India and Asia established in 1936 named as Hailey National Park’. It was later renamed as ‘Corbett National Park’ after the name of legendary hunter turned conservationist in the region. This park came under ‘Project Tiger’ in 1971 as ‘Corbett Tiger Reserve’ in 1971 when Government of India launched this conservation project in India. Corbett has the glory of being India's oldest and first Tiger Reserve.

Corbett tiger reserve is spread in three districts of Uttarakhand i.e Pauri, Nainital and Almora with the total area of   1288.31 sq. Kms. Corbett National Park covers an area of 521 sq. km with adjoining Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary and Reserve Forest areas, shape the Corbett Tiger Reserve. 

Corbett National Park is one of the richest bird regions as a home of more than 550 species of residents and migratory birds. 

Along with birds the park shelters lots of endangered species includes more than 50 mammal species and 26 reptile species.

The various species of Fauna is divided into following sub types:

Mammals: Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Langoor, Hog deer, spotted deer, Samber, Braking deer, Wild boar, and monkeys. 
Birds:  Emerald Dove, Red Wattle Lapwing, the Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Long Tail, White Bush chat, Oriental-Pied, Rested Kingfisher, Indian Shirks, Indian Alpine Swift, Parakeet, Kales Pheasant, Oriole, Common Grey Hornbill, Seagull, Duck, Stork, Cormorant, Parrot, Woodpecker, Laughing Thrush, Vulture, Indian Roller and many more. 
Reptiles: Indian Marsh crocodile or Mugger Gharial, King Cobra Common Krait Cobra, Russel Viper and Python. 
Fish: Mahaseer, Troude, Kalimuchi, Goonch, Kalabasu, chilwa and many more.

Evergreen Sal and its combine trees, Sheesham and Kanju contribute extensively in the Flora of Corbett National Park. In spring season other essential trees like simal, jhingan and Khair flourish the land of Jim Corbett National Park. A flat grassy chaur full of herbs and short and tall grasses, which provides the largest part of the grazing for the herbivores.